UE915 - LING 202 - Phonology I

Type d'UE
Séminaires de tronc commun
Disciplines
Linguistique, sémantique
Page web
https://cogmaster.ens.psl.eu/en/program/m1-program-13570 
Langues
anglais
Mots-clés
Linguistique
Aires culturelles
-

The course explores what human beings know about the sound patterns of their languages, how they learn it, and how this knowledge is represented in their minds. We begin with an overview of the major characteristics of sound patterns, and introduce core phonological concepts (phoneme, feature, alternation). We will then look at research that has sought to determine what phonological generalizations speakers extract from the learning data, and at the implications of these findings for achieving a descriptively adequate grammatical framework: basic rule notation, features, and constraint interaction. Next, we will consider a range of methods that are used to determine speakers’ implicit phonological knowledge, computational models of phonological acquisition, and the role of auditory perception in shaping phonological grammars. Students will also learn core concepts in articulatory and acoustic phonetics, and learn basic tools to analyze the speech signal into abstract units of representation.

 

Introduction to basic phonetic concepts

Acoustic phonetics and introduction to PRAAT

The nature of symbolic representations: from phonetics to phonology

Underlying representations

Features

Phonological rules

Rule ordering

Opacity and Cyclicity

Optimality and constraint interaction in phonology: an introduction to Optimality Theory

Interactions of markedness and faithfulness

The typology of structural changes

Phonological acquisition in Optimality Theory

The comprehension/production dilemma in child language: OT proposals to dealing with it

Learning a phonological grammar: Error-driven learning in OT

A role of low-level auditory perception in shaping phonological grammars?

Perceptual licensing phonological contrasts

Perceptual dispersion and constraints on perceptual distinctivness

OT translations of cyclicity

Phonology vs. phonetics in speech sound disorders

Minimizing and optimizing structure in phonology: evidence from language impairment

Project presentations in class

  • Sciences cognitives – M1/S2-M2/S4
    Suivi et validation – semestriel hebdomadaire = 6 ECTS
    MCC – contrôle continu, examen, autre (participation orale)
  • Maria Giavazzi [référent·e]   maîtresse de conférences, ENS /
Contacts additionnels
cogmaster@psl.eu
Informations pratiques

The complete syllabus of the course is available on the Cogmaster's website. For any information, please contact the secretariat of the Cogmaster.

Registration procedure (external students) : https://cogmaster.ens.psl.eu/en/students/external-students-13501

Direction de travaux des étudiants
-
Réception des candidats
-
Pré-requis

None.

  • Autre lieu Paris
    ENS - 29 rue d'Ulm 75005 Paris (salle à préciser)
    2nd semestre / hebdomadaire, jeudi 09:00-11:00
    du 4 février 2021 au 20 mai 2021


Intervenant·e·s


  • Maria Giavazzi [référent·e]   maîtresse de conférences, ENS /

Planning


  • Autre lieu Paris
    ENS - 29 rue d'Ulm 75005 Paris (salle à préciser)
    2nd semestre / hebdomadaire, jeudi 09:00-11:00
    du 4 février 2021 au 20 mai 2021


Description


Type d'UE
Séminaires de tronc commun
Disciplines
Linguistique, sémantique
Page web
https://cogmaster.ens.psl.eu/en/program/m1-program-13570 
Langues
anglais
Mots-clés
Linguistique
Aires culturelles
-

The course explores what human beings know about the sound patterns of their languages, how they learn it, and how this knowledge is represented in their minds. We begin with an overview of the major characteristics of sound patterns, and introduce core phonological concepts (phoneme, feature, alternation). We will then look at research that has sought to determine what phonological generalizations speakers extract from the learning data, and at the implications of these findings for achieving a descriptively adequate grammatical framework: basic rule notation, features, and constraint interaction. Next, we will consider a range of methods that are used to determine speakers’ implicit phonological knowledge, computational models of phonological acquisition, and the role of auditory perception in shaping phonological grammars. Students will also learn core concepts in articulatory and acoustic phonetics, and learn basic tools to analyze the speech signal into abstract units of representation.

 

Introduction to basic phonetic concepts

Acoustic phonetics and introduction to PRAAT

The nature of symbolic representations: from phonetics to phonology

Underlying representations

Features

Phonological rules

Rule ordering

Opacity and Cyclicity

Optimality and constraint interaction in phonology: an introduction to Optimality Theory

Interactions of markedness and faithfulness

The typology of structural changes

Phonological acquisition in Optimality Theory

The comprehension/production dilemma in child language: OT proposals to dealing with it

Learning a phonological grammar: Error-driven learning in OT

A role of low-level auditory perception in shaping phonological grammars?

Perceptual licensing phonological contrasts

Perceptual dispersion and constraints on perceptual distinctivness

OT translations of cyclicity

Phonology vs. phonetics in speech sound disorders

Minimizing and optimizing structure in phonology: evidence from language impairment

Project presentations in class


Master


  • Sciences cognitives – M1/S2-M2/S4
    Suivi et validation – semestriel hebdomadaire = 6 ECTS
    MCC – contrôle continu, examen, autre (participation orale)

Renseignements


Contacts additionnels
cogmaster@psl.eu
Informations pratiques

The complete syllabus of the course is available on the Cogmaster's website. For any information, please contact the secretariat of the Cogmaster.

Registration procedure (external students) : https://cogmaster.ens.psl.eu/en/students/external-students-13501

Direction de travaux des étudiants
-
Réception des candidats
-
Pré-requis

None.